Brief 1: e-Portfolios

What is an e-Portfolio?

A portfolio is essentially a collection of material that is developed over time, generally used to display one’s work in a neat manner. An e-portfolio is heavily based on this, however, it is an electronically based portfolio that can include many more formats than just written text, including images, videos, links and even audio recordings. Because the portfolio is electronic this means that many copies can be produced or shared in many different ways, such as via USB or CD-ROM

“An e-portfolio is a digitized collection of artifacts, including demonstrations, resources and accomplishments that represent an individual, group, community, organization or institution. This collection can be comprised of text-based, graphic or multimedia elements archived on a web-site or on other electronic media such as a CD-ROM or DVD” (Lorenzo, G. & Ittelson, J. 2005).

E-portfolios also allow users the chance to put their best work on display while also showcasing their skills and abilities to use technology, which is a necessity in today’s world, particularly in the work-force (Scott, S. 2014). This gives viewers a look at the user’s past history and how they have developed and reflected back on their practice.

Why You Should Use an e-Portfolio:

One of the main reasons e-portfolios are used today is due to the modern world’s positive stance on technology and society’s reliance on it as computers and the internet are used on a daily basis world-wide. This makes it easier for people because users only need a username and password in order to access their electronic portfolio rather than carrying notebooks and journals everywhere. Another considering factor is that sharing becomes much easier, particularly when job-seeking, as the user only needs to send another person a link to view an entire portfolio electronically.

“These days, one of the first things a recruiter or hiring manager does after receiving a promising lead is to search for the person on Google. Creating your own Web site or displaying your work on a larger platform gives you some control over what is found” (Zimmerman, E. 2012).

Modification is also an option with portfolios created electronically than traditional hand-written portfolios. An e-portfolio can be used for many reasons, whether it be personal, work or student-related, but it is useful for tracking one’s progress and achievements over time.


(Credit: TTU College of Educations Faculty: 31 Jan 03)


Zimmerman, E. (2012). NYtimes. Showcasing Your Work, in an Online Portfolio. Retrieved March 26th from

Lorenzo, G. & Ittelson, J. (2005). EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. An Overview of E-Portfolios. Retrieved March 26th from

Scott, S. (2014). Chron. Importance of Technology in the Workplace. Retrieved March 26th from


Reflective Practice

What is Reflective Practice?

Reflective Practice can be defined as “thinking about and critically analyzing one’s actions with the goal of improving one’s professional practice(Imel 1992). It is to look back at and compare a piece of work, typically as a goal within one’s professional field. By doing this, one can track their progress and continuous learning in a timely manner. It is typically a self-generated process which involves multiple ‘phases’ in order to improve on one’s work. Reflective Practice can also be seen as a commitment to progressing within a desired field.

Psychologist, Jennifer Moon states:

“Reflection is a form of mental processing that we use to fulfill a purpose or to achieve some anticipated outcome. It is applied to gain a better understanding of relatively complicated or unstructured ideas and is largely based on the reprocessing of knowledge, understanding and, possibly, emotions that we already possess.”


Why Should We Do It?

Simple- in order to improve our knowledge! However, there are many more reasons to reflectively practice, including advancing in education or in the work force. For example; it is unlikely that a nurse would advance in her career should she not reflect on her past experiences and/or mistakes. This reason alone is enough for people in all work fields to constantly reflectively practice, particularly in today’s world where jobs are in a higher demand on a daily basis, therefore making people much more easier to ‘replace’.

How does one go about Reflective Practice?

In order to do so, it is suggested that there are multiple ‘phases’ of reflective practice, according to Gibbs’ diagram (attached below). As one constantly reflects on their work they will be almost ‘conditioned’ to start practicing the way they have learned to over time. Keeping a written journal is perhaps one of the most common and popular methods of reflective practice, particularly for those in the work force, as it is easy to track over time. This also helps with describing how one feels about their work and puts thoughts on to paper for later reflection.



Moon, J. (2005) Guide For Busy Academics No.4: Learning Through Reflection. Higher Education Academy

Imel, S. (1992). Reflective practice in adult education. Retrieved March 27, 2014, from

Gibbs Reflective Cycle

Gibbs Reflective Cycle in detail. This also helps my understanding tremendously!